Now, a law proposed to provide “Right to Skill Development” to Indian Youth

The Governing Council of NITI Aayog in its first meeting held on 8th February, 2015 decided to constitute a Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Skill Development to address issues pertaining to human resources, especially youth and to work on scientific methods on moving towards creating a pool of skilled manpower with speed, scale, standard and sustainability.

The focus of the terms of reference of the Sub-group was on strengthening State Skill Development Missions for integrated delivery; improving private sector participation in various aspects of skill development; expanding outreach of skilling programmes, mobilizing participation in skilling; career guidance and post training placement tracking and to suggest State level innovative measures for up-scaling of pilots, best practices, dissemination and replication by the other States/UTs and financing.

The Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Skill Development deliberated on various issues relating to improving quality, relevance, quantity, aspirations, mobility and financing of skill development and one of their major recommendation is to explore the possibility of introducing legislation on Right of Youth to Skill Development to make it mandatory on the part of the State to impart skill training to every eligible youth may be explored.

In India, we have socially enabling and empowering legislations right to information, right to education, right to food security etc. and the now time has come to give the right to skill to every youth in the country.

It was felt that the Right to Education Act, 2009 has led to an increase in the total enrolment at the primary level and reduction in the dropout rate at elementary level through showing an improvement in the retention rate. similarly, Right to Skill Development will boost the skill-based education and skill based capacity building in the country.

The idea of making law to empower India Youth with Right to Skill Development all over the country comes from a model existing in State of the Chhattisgarh, which has legislation that guarantees Right of Youth to Skill Development. Under the Chhatisgarh Act, every youth between 14 to 45 years of age has a right to receive skill development training in notified skills, subject to fulfilment of eligibility, within 90 days of demanding to District Collector. The Act is implemented by State Skill Development Authority with a Governing Council under the Chief Minister and an Executive Committee under the Chief Secretary.

It was felt that such a right-based legislation backed by robust implementation would generate greater demand, remove the low esteem attached to vocational education and encourage more young persons to seek skill training. Adequate infrastructure and resources should back this especially for less resource rich States.

EduLegaL View:

We already have Right to Education in this country. There is no doubt that legislation brings impetus to the sector and the subject, but we need more effective implementation system in our country. “Action” is problem in our country and not “enactment”.

We are a country of diversity, Skill Development has just launched in India, we should allow it to spread and make a base and then legalise it. It is more of a “voluntary association” than a “compulsive subject”.

Providing Education is part of Directives of any State Policy, which is provided in our Constitution.

What if, because of needs of Managers, we will make “Right to Management Education”, for need of doctors, which we actually need, we make “Right to Medical Education”. Is Legislation the solution ?

Ravi Bhardwaj |